Quantum Technology – Research Group

Technological developments enable us to manipulate and control quantum effects at an increasingly advanced level of sophistication. This gives new opportunities, e.g., within communication, metrology, sensors, simulation and computation. Quantum technology will affect global communication networks and security on the internet.

Research areas

A superconducting circuit with movable elements

  • Mechanical systems in the quantum regime
    Our research involves theoretical studies of optomechanical or electromechanical setups with a focus on controlling micromechanical oscillators in the quantum regime, motivated in part by applications such as accurate sensing or quantum signal processing. We are also interested in the interplay of mechanical and transport properties in low-dimensional materials, e.g., graphene or topological materials.
  • Macroscopic nonclassicality
    We are interested in nonclassicality witnesses, in particular for revealing quantum behaviour of systems excited to large numbers of quanta, i.e., high-intensity electromagnetic fields, or of mechanical degrees of freedom at the mesoscopic or macroscopic mass scale. This is motivated both by realization of robust quantum applications as well as fundamental issues, such as alternative theories of decoherence or the relation between quantum mechanics and gravity.Operational view on quantum measurements
  • Foundations of quantum mechanics
    Much of our research in this area is centred around quantum measurements: weak measurements, sequential measurements, symmetry-constraints, incompatibility. Other interests include the quantum-classical transition, quantum reference frames, contextuality, and general probabilistic theories.


Please feel free to contact us if you are interested in our research.

We are presently seeking a highly motivated PhD candidate to work in the field of circuit QED, with particular emphasis on microwave optomechanics. For details, please contact Prof. Francesco Massel.

External funding

University of South-Eastern Norway is the only Norwegian institution that has received funding from QuantERA, a program under Horizon 2020 "Future and Emerging Technologies". Professor Kjetil Børkje QuantERAparticipates with the project QuaSeRT (Optomechanical quantum sensors at room temperature). The project is led from Italy, and also has partners from Austria, France, Germany and Netherlands .

Networks and collaborations

We are participating in the following COST Actions:

Quantum technologies in space

Quantum technologies in space is a COST Action which will identify fundamental questions in quantum mechanics that may be answered through experiments in space. The project will identify possible applications of quantum technology in space, and includes technology development in cooperation with national space agencies and industrial partners.

Trapped Ions: Progress in classical and quantum applications

In recent years, ion traps have developed from a topic of fundamental research into a versatile tool for a wide range of research topics and quantum technologies. The aim of this COST Action is to enhance the current applications of trapped ions by supporting Europe-wide collaborations and knowledge exchange, and to allow these technologies to be taken a step further towards their commercialisation.

Selected publications

  • Backaction-evading measurement of entanglement in optomechanics
    F. Massel, Phys. Rev. A 100, 023824 (2019)

  • Heterodyne photodetection measurements on cavity optomechanical systems: Interpretation of sideband asymmetry and limits to a classical explanation,
    K. Børkje, Phys. Rev. A 94, 043816 (2016)

  • Position Measurements Obeying Momentum Conservation,
    P. Busch and L. Loveridge, Phys. Rev. Lett. 106, 110406 (2011)

  • Quantum theory of successive projective measurements,
    L. M. Johansen, Phys. Rev. A 76, 012119 (2007)

  • Single-photon optomechanics,
    A. Nunnenkamp, K. Børkje, S.M. Girvin, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 063602 (2011)

  • Stabilized entanglement of massive mechanical oscillators,
    C. F. Ockeloen-Korppi, E. Damskägg, J. M. Pirkkalainen, M. Asjad, A. A. Clerk, F. Massel, M. J. Woolley, M. A. Sillanpää, Nature 556, 478 (2018)

  • Symmetry, Reference Frames and Relational Quantities in Quantum Mechanics,
    L. Loveridge, T. Miyadera and P. Busch. Found. Phys. 48, 2 (2018)

  • Weak measurements with arbitrary probe states,
    L. M. Johansen, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 120402 (2004)