Doctoral Dissertation: Laura Marcano

Laura Marcano at the University of South-Eastern Norway, Faculty of Technology, Natural Sciences and Maritime Sciences (TNM) and Oslo Metropolitan University, Faculty of Technology, Art and Design will be defending the thesis “On process simulation and learning technologies” for the degree of philosophiae doctor (PhD).

17 Oct

Praktisk informasjon

  • Dato: 17. oktober 2019
  • Tid: kl. 10.00 - 15.00
  • Sted:
  • Adjudication committee:

    • First opponent: Professor Erik Dahlquist, Mälardalen University Sweden.
    • Second opponent: Senior Excecutive Officer Helge Mordt, Prediktor AS
    • Committee administrator: Associate Professor Mira Randahl, Oslo Metropolitan University

    Principal Supervisor:

    • Associate Professor Tiina Komulainen, Oslo Metropolitan University

    Secondary Supervisors:

    • Professor Finn Aakre Haugen, the University of South-Eastern Norway
    • Professor Ronny Sannerud, Oslo Metropolitan University


    • 10:00 AM: Trial lecture on the topic: “Use of simulators for other purposes than for operator training in process industries”
    • 1:00 PM: PhD Defence

    Both the trial lecture and the PhD defence is open for public.

Summary of thesis

This thesis provides additional insights into the field of simulator training. Although
numerous studies have identified how to improve simulator technologies and team
training practices, little analytic attention has been paid to how to enable more
independent training. In this PhD work, different methodologies and technologies
were tested to evaluate their effect on trainees independence during simulator

Regarding the methodologies studied, the results show that preparation before
attending the simulator training sessions has a positive impact on the trainees’
confident using the simulator. They feel less dependent on the instructor when they
prepared for the session. Further, preparation leads to a good performance of the
trainees in the pretest, which allows trainees to start the training session more

In the case of the technologies evaluated, the overall results show that automatic
feedback contributes to the improvement of trainees’ performance when using the
simulator and helps them feel more confident.

Three different automatic feedback methods were developed, two based on Operator
Performance Indicator values and one based on data analysis. All the methods were
developed using the dynamic simulator K-Spice, from Kongsberg Digital. The
effect of trainees’ preparation before attending the sessions was also evaluated. The
aim was to study whether preparation allows trainees to be more independent and if
they request the instructor’s help less often than those who do not prepare do.
The main objective of this PhD thesis was to contribute to a solution to the challenge
associated with the deficit of expert instructors in simulator training. Feedback is
what makes the instructor so valuable. Therefore, how to deliver useful automatic
feedback during simulator training was the main focus of this work.