Disputas: Daniel Abiriga

Daniel Abiriga holder prøveforelesning og disputas for graden philosophiae doctor (ph.d) ved campus Bø 20. oktober.


20 Oct

Praktisk informasjon

  • Dato: 20. oktober 2021
  • Tid: kl. 11.00 - 15.00
  • Sted: Bø, Auditorium 4-311A
  • Last ned kalenderfil
  • Delta via Zoom her (klikk på lenka som blir aktiv når programmet starter)

    Program

    Kl 1100: Prøveforelesning med tema «How does landfill leachate affect the geochemistry of landfill- contaminated aquifers?».

    Kl 1215: Disputas. Daniel Abiriga forsvarer avhandlingen «The microbiology and geochemistry of a landfill-contaminated aquifer».

    Leder for disputasen

    • Professor Andreas Zedrosser, USN.

    Bedømmelseskomité

    • Førsteopponent: Professor Erika Kothe, Friedrich-Schiller Universität Jena, Tyskland.
    • Andreopponent: Professor Hans-Jørgen Albrechtsen, Technical University of Denmark.
    • Tredjeopponent og administrator: Førsteamanuensis Mona Sæbø, USN.

    Veiledere

    • Hovedveileder: Førsteamanuensis Emeritus Harald Klempe, Institutt for natur, helse og miljø, USN.
    • Biveiledere: Førsteamanuensis Live Semb Vestgarden, Institutt for natur, helse og miljø, USN.
    • Professor Andrew Jenkins, Institutt for natur, helse og miljø, USN.

     

Daniel Abiriga har til forsvar for graden philosophiae doctor (ph.d.) i doktorgradsprogrammet i økologi ved Universitetet i Sørøst-Norge innlevert avhandling med tittel «The microbiology and geochemistry of a landfill-contaminated aquifer».

Portrett av Daniel Abiriga

Disputas holdes for alle interesserte ved campus Bø i auditorium 4-311A 20. oktober. Seansen kan også følges digitalt på Zoom.

Prøveforelesningen starter klokken 1100 med tema «How does landfill leachate affect the geochemistry of landfill- contaminated aquifers?».

Disputas starter klokken 1215.

Om avhandlingen

The microbiology and geochemistry of an aquifer was investigated to examine the effects of a municipal landfill on the groundwater ecology. The study found that the operation of the landfill affected both the groundwater quality and microbial species composition, as a clear difference was observed between polluted and unpolluted groundwater samples. Similarity in groundwater quality and microbial communities was greatest between samples closest to the landfill and decreased with an increasing distance from the landfill.

The groundwater quality and microbial communities were found to vary seasonally and between monitoring years, but the seasonal effect was more important than the inter-year variation, although both the seasonal and yearly variations were less important than distance. It was also found that the groundwater quality greatly influenced the microbial compositions. Also, both the groundwater and the aquifer sediment were found to harbour distinct microbial communities. The natural attenuation of the contaminated groundwater was found to be substantial and prevented ecosystem degradation due to the landfill leachate.

The findings have significant consequences for design, implementation and management of groundwater monitoring programmes for various types of anthropogenic disturbances. Groundwater is the main source of potable water for drinking, agriculture and industries, but faces global contamination challenges from a range of anthropogenic activities such as landfill. This affects the quality of groundwater, and in addition, poses threat to the rich biodiversity in groundwater ecosystems.

Despite numerous studies have investigated landfill-contaminated aquifers, they represent narrow geographical distributions and are generally few compared to the numbers of landfills all over the world. Moreover, the temporal and seasonal dynamics remain underexplored. Future studies should give special consideration to seasonal, temporal, and vertical and horizontal spatial coverage of sampling.